Monday, April 29, 2013

Black Holes Raise More Questions

Black Hole with unknown BL Trans
The Big Brain Machine Initiative to explore space and study black holes to fulfill requirements of the Prime Directive has recently taken a turn with the introduction and completion of the largest and most powerful telescope in the series of Adjunctive Telescopes. These new telescopes have tools never before available in unique combinations that permit seeing things in unusual places where typically telescopes do not look.

In the number of days the PDT has remained in its infancy of operation, and based on enigmatic black hole data returned so far, we can say that approximately 33 questions are raised and only 2 answers have resulted. This is truly mind boggling and was never expected. The massively large telescope was expected to see new things, and it has, and we expected to be able to offer identifications of what we were seeing, and we have not. We did not anticipate the new and enigmatic causation occurring inside the black hole domain. This is a place where the laws of physics, space and time are unknown, so what we are seeing may be inexplicable.

"A black hole is a region of spacetime from which gravity prevents anything, including light, from escaping. The theory of general relativity predicts that a sufficiently compact mass will deform spacetime to form a black hole. Around a black hole there is a mathematically defined surface called an event horizon that marks the point of no return. The hole is called "black" because it absorbs all the light that hits the horizon, reflecting nothing, just like a perfect black body in thermodynamics. Quantum field theory in curved spacetime predicts that event horizons emit radiation like a black body with a finite temperature. This temperature is inversely proportional to the mass of the black hole, making it difficult to observe this radiation for black holes of stellar mass or greater."

"The defining feature of a black hole is the appearance of an event horizon—a boundary in spacetime through which matter and light can only pass inward towards the mass of the black hole. Nothing, not even light, can escape from inside the event horizon. The event horizon is referred to as such because if an event occurs within the boundary, information from that event cannot reach an outside observer, making it impossible to determine if such an event occurred."

"When an object falls into a black hole, any information about the shape of the object or distribution of charge on it is evenly distributed along the horizon of the black hole, and is lost to outside observers. The behavior of the horizon in this situation is a dissipative system that is closely analogous to that of a conductive stretchy membrane with friction and electrical resistance—the membrane paradigm. This is different from other field theories like electromagnetism, which do not have any friction or resistivity at the microscopic level, because they are time-reversible. Because a black hole eventually achieves a stable state with only three parameters, there is no way to avoid losing information about the initial conditions: the gravitational and electric fields of a black hole give very little information about what went in. The information that is lost includes every quantity that cannot be measured far away from the black hole horizon, including approximately conserved quantum numbers such as the total baryon number and lepton number. This behavior is so puzzling that it has been called the black hole information loss paradox." Wikipedia